Coins of The Crusader
Kingdoms of Jerusalem

 

     
 

Godfrey of Boullon, Raymond of Toulouse, Robert of Flanders, and Bohemond of Taronto 
lead the first crusade in the Levant 1097-1099

 
Godfrey de Bouillon Duke of Lower Lorraine  1099-1100
Baldwin I de Bouillon (Count of Edessa 1098-1100)  1100-1118 
Baldwin II de la Bourg (Count of Edessa 1100-1118)
  1118-1131 
Fulk of Anjou  1131-1143 
Baldwin III  1143-1163

Loss of Edessa to Imad al-Din Zengi bin Aq Sanqur 1144

Second Crusade Louis VII of France, Queen Eleanor of Aquitaine, Emperor Conrad III  1147 - 1149

Amalric I  1163-1174 
Baldwin IV the Leper
1174-1185 
Baldwin V  1185-1186 

Loss of Jerusalem to Salah al-Din, 1187

Guy of Lusignan (King of Cyprus 1192-1194) 1186-1192 

Third Crusade Emperor Frederick I (Barbarossa), Kings Philip Augustus II of France and Richard Coeur De Lion of England 1189-1192

Henry II of Champagne 1192-1197 
Aimery of Lusignan (Amalric II) (Almaric I of Cyprus 1194-1205) 1197-1205 

Fourth Crusade against Constantinople 1202-1204

Queen Mary of Montferrat (John of Ibelin, regent) 1205-1210
John of Brienne 1210-1228
Frederick II Hohenstaufen (Holy Roman Emperor 1212-1250) 1228 

Fifth Crusade. Frederick II peacefully regained Jerusalem from the Ayyubids 1228 - 1229. Lost again in 1244

Conrad II (Holy Roman Emperor) 1250-1254
Conrad III Hohenstaufen 1254 - 1268

Sixth Crusade against Egypt by Louis IX of France (Saint Louis) 1248-1254

Hugh I (Hugh III of Cyprus 1267-1284) 1268-1284
Charles of Anjou 1277-1285
(Claim accepted by Pope, 
rejected by Outremer nobility Opposed by Hugh I and John I of Cyprus)

Seventh Crusade against North Africa by Louis IX of France (Saint Louis) - Edward I of England to Acre 1270

John I ( John II of Cyprus 1284-1285) 1284-1285 
Henry I (Henry II of Cyprus 1285-1306 & 1310-1324) 1285-1291

Mamluks conquer Antioch in 1268, Tripoli in 1289, and Acre in 1291. End of Outremer 1291

European Imported Currency

Imitations of Ayyubid Dirhams minted in Acre

     

 

 

Imported Currency

France Chartres
Count of Chartres
Thibaut II 996-1004

CHATEAUDUN.JPG (69729 bytes)

Denier
Chartres
980-1000
Boudeau 204 (3 f.)
 CHATEAUDUNx2.JPG (58205 bytes) Denier
Chartres
980-1000
Boudeau 204 (3 f.)
    Central Legend Marginal Legend      Central Legend Marginal Legend  
Obv. degenerate head   Obv.  degenerate head   
Rev.   + CARTIS CIVITAS  Rev.   + CARTIS CIVITAS
 
France, Valence
Bishops of Valence 1157-1276 

valenceDenier.JPG (51648 bytes)

Denier
Valence  1157-1276
Boudeau 1021
Bishops of Valence  1157-1276 
 valenceCopper.JPG (58686 bytes) Crusader copper imitation 
Tripoli 
Crusader imitation found in the Tripoli area
    Central Legend Marginal Legend      Central Legend Marginal Legend  
Obv. Stylized angel facing  VRBS VALENTIAI Obv. Stylized angel facing  (sic) VRBS VALENTIAI
Rev. Cross annulet in fourth quadrant SAPOLLI NARS Rev. Cross annulet in fourth quadrant  (sic) SAPOLLI NARS
 
Italy, Lucca
Henry III or IV 1039-1125

LUCCAHenryIII_IV.JPG (39860 bytes)

Denier
Lucca
   
    Central Legend Marginal Legend      Central Legend Marginal Legend  
Obv. LUCA +ENRICVS Obv.    
Rev. H MPERATOR  Rev.    
 

Imitations of Ayyubid Dirhams minted in Acre

 

ACREImmitational-Salih644AH.JPG (50544 bytes)

Dirham
Acre 
 ACREImmitational-Salih641AH.JPG (54129 bytes) Dirham
Acre 
    Central Legend Marginal Legend      Central Legend Marginal Legend  
Obv.

الامام 
المستنصر 
بالله ابو جعفر
المنصور امير المؤمنين

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

 

Obv.

الامام 
المستنصر 
بالله ابو جعفر
المنصور امير المؤمنين

 
Rev. الملك الصالح
عماد الدنيا و الدين
اسمعيل بن ابو بكر
؟؟؟\ سنة احدى
\ و اربعين\ ؟؟؟
Rev. الملك الصالح
عماد الدنيا و الدين
اسمعيل بن ابو بكر
 
 
 

ACREImmitational-Salih1253AD.JPG (46080 bytes)

Dirham
Acre 
 ACREimmitationHalfDirhamal-Salih.JPG (16663 bytes) Dirham
Acre 
    Central Legend Marginal Legend      Central Legend Marginal Legend  
Obv. الامام 
المستنصر 
بالله ابو جعفر
المنصور امير المؤمنين
  Obv. الامام 
المستنصر 
 
Rev. الملك الصالح
عماد الدنيا و الدين
اسمعيل بن ابو بكر
  Rev. الملك الصالح  
 
 

b823Dimashq.JPG (46302 bytes)

Dirham
Acre 
   
    Central Legend Marginal Legend      Central Legend Marginal Legend  
Obv. الامام 
المستنصر 
بالله ابو جعفر
المنصور امير المؤمنين
  Obv.    
Rev. الملك الصالح
عماد الدنيا و الدين
اسمعيل بن ابو بكر
  Rev.    
 

Map_Jerusalem.JPG (75861 bytes)

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