Italian State

 

Ruler

    Coins

Clicking on the  thumbnail image of the coins will bring up larger images. Clicking on the name will bring up the history.
Lucca
Henry III or IV
1039-1125
LUCCAHenryIII_IV.JPG (31000 bytes)

The currency of Lucca was highly valued in Europe as a means of exchanges and trade. The Crusaders relied on Lucca’s coins to pay for whatever services they required (equipment, food, logistics, transportation, ransoms, fees, soldiers salaries, rights of passage etc.). You travelled the world with Lucca’s money in your pockets: like the US dollars today. Or should I better say like Euros today. Just for the record the name of the Lucca currency was "lira".
The privilege to mint (il privilegio della Zecca) was confirmed by Frederick Barbarossa and by Frederick II Hohenstaufen, and also by the Popes. When Pisa tried to counterfeit Lucca’s coins the Pope issued a terrifying "anathema" against the Pisani and brought them to order. The "mint" privilege was given to Lucca for the reliability of the people and for the "security" of the walls, and the "mint" was the foundation of the "money culture" that eventually resulted in Lucca being the city of some of the most powerful financial and merchant bankers of the 11th, 12th, 13th and 14th century.
Trading with the whole of Europe (buying wool from England, fish from France, silver and gold from Spain, selling silk, wool fabric, steel artefacts like swords and cutlery) through the centuries allowed the merchants of Lucca to gather considerable fortunes and the need to invest the money they accumulated. This brought them inevitably brought them into the field of money lending and, eventually, merchant banking and financial banking with the most powerful Royal families of Europe.
From Lorenzo Matteoli

Denom Denier Lucca 
Obv: OTTO  MPERATOR 
Rev: LUCA  +ENRICVS 
Cat.    
Used by Crusaders in the Latin East 
Genoa
Conrad III 
1093
-1152
GenoaConrad.JPG (37112 bytes)  
Denom Denier Genoa Denom     
Obv:   +.IA.NV.A Obv:    
Rev:   +CVNRADI REX Rev:    
Cat. Rob. 3841   Cat.    
    
Venice
Orio Malipiero
1178-1192
VENICE.JPG (25690 bytes)  
Denom Denaro Venice  Denom     
Obv:   S MARCUS Obv:    
Rev:   +AVR DVX Rev:    
Cat. Paolucci 14, 1   Cat.    
    
Venice
Enrico Dandolo 
1192-1205
VENICEEnricoDandolo.JPG (32482 bytes)  
Denom Denaro Venice  Denom     
Obv:   S MARCUS Obv:    
Rev:     Rev:    
Cat.      Cat.    
    
Venice
Pietro Ziani
1205-1229
   
Denom Grosso Venice  Denom     
Obv:      Obv:    
Rev:      Rev:    
Cat.      Cat.    
    
Venice
Jacopo Tiepolo, 
1229-1249
   
Denom Grosso Venice  Denom     
Obv:     Obv:    
Rev:     Rev:    
Cat.     Cat.    
    
Venice
Marino Merosini
1249-1252
   
Denom Grosso Venice  Denom     
Obv:     Obv:    
Rev:     Rev:    
Cat.     Cat.    
    
Venice
Reniero Zeno
1252-1268
VENICE_RageXo.JPG (27346 bytes)  
Denom Grosso Venice  Denom     
Obv: DVX  RACENO SH VENETI  Obv:    
Rev: IC-XC   Rev:    
Cat. Pap106,1/Paolucci 19,1/Biaggi 2775    Cat.    
    
Venice
Lorenzo Tiepolo
1268-1275
   
Denom Grosso Venice  Denom     
Obv:     Obv:    
Rev:     Rev:    
Cat.     Cat.    
    
Venice
Jacopo Contarini
1275-1280
   
Denom Grosso Venice  Denom     
Obv:     Obv:    
Rev:     Rev:    
Cat.     Cat.    
    
Venice
Giovanni Dandolo
1280-1289
   
Denom Grosso Venice  Denom     
Obv:     Obv:    
Rev:     Rev:    
Cat.     Cat.    
    
Venice
Andrea Contarini
1368-1382
VENICEAndreaContariniBiaggi2846.JPG (33242 bytes)  
Denom Grosso Venice  Denom     
Obv:   +ANDR'9 TAR'DVX Obv:    
Rev:   +S.MARCUS. VENETI Rev:    
Cat. Biaggi 2846   Cat.    
    
Venice
Antonio Venier
1382-1400
VENICEANTONIOVENIERBIAGGI2855.JPG (72894 bytes) VENICEANTONIOVENIERBIAGGI2854.JPG (62870 bytes)
Denom Grosso Venice Denom Grosso Venice
Obv: St. Mark & Doge Kneeling ANTO VENERIO'.S.M. VENETI // DVX Obv: St. Mark & Doge Kneeling  ANTO VENERIO'.S.M. VENETI // DVX 
Rev: Christ on throne +TIBI.LAVS.3. GLORIA Rev: Christ on throne  IC XF // * F (mint master Filipo Barbargo 1370-1385) 
Cat. Biaggi 2855   Cat. Biaggi 2854   
 
VENICEANTONIOVENIERBIAGGI2854x2.JPG (71998 bytes) WallachiaRaduI.JPG (19022 bytes)
Denom Grosso Venice Radu I    
Obv: St. Mark & Doge Kneeling  ANTO VENERIO'.S.M. VENETI // DVX , son of Nicolaie-Alexandru, was the great grandfather to Vlad Tepes aka Vladimir the Impaler (Dracula). This extremely scarce bronze coin is called a "ban" and it is about 13mm in diameter and weighs a third of a gram. Radu I, also known as Radu the Black, was voivode(prince)of Wallachia c.1377-1383. In Medieval times, three provinces, Wallachia, Moldavia and Transylvania made up what is known as modern day Romania. Any coin from Wallachia is considered very scarce or rare. Bid now because you may never get the chance again to own one of these rarities. There are only a couple known coins attributed theoretically to Vald the Impaler himself, so this may be the closest you'll ever get to that most mysterious character. 
Rev: Christ on throne  IC XP // * P (P = mint master Pietro Viaro, 1385)      
Cat. Biaggi 2854        
 
   


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